WEIGHT LOSS/BARIATRIC SURGERY
Bariatric surgery is nothing but just the common term used for many types of weight-loss surgeries. These surgeries change your digestive system to help you in losing weight. They either limit the amount of food you can eat or reduce your capacity to absorb nutrients or both.
Such surgeries are performed when diet and exercise plans have failed and the person has a significant health condition as a result of their weight. Gastric bypass surgery is the most popular form of bariatric surgery, and most doctors choose it since it has fewer complications than other weight-loss surgeries.
These surgeries often include significant risks and side effects, and patients must adopt permanent dietary changes as well as commit to a consistent exercise routine in order to assure the long-term effectiveness of bariatric surgery.
What are the different types of weight loss surgery?
There are four types of weight loss surgery:
Bariatric surgery works in different ways, including limiting the quantity of food a stomach can hold, reducing the body’s ability to absorb nutrients or a combination of the two. Gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band, and duodenal switch are the most common kinds of bariatric surgery.
Bariatric surgery: If your BMI is 40 or above and you are between the ages of 35 and 40, this surgery is good for you. One of the most common kinds of bariatric surgery is gastric bypass surgery. Simply said, the procedure is divided into two stages. To begin, a small pouch is formed in the upper section of the stomach, separating it from the rest of the stomach. The first section of the small intestine is then separated, and the bottom end is attached to the newly formed small pouch in the stomach. Finally, the top part of the divided small intestine is joined to the bottom of the small intestine, changing the food flow and causing changes in gut hormones. This technique affects both the amount of food that the stomach can hold and the absorption of calories and nutrients.
Gastric bypass surgery: This surgery is suitable for people with high BMIs, severe reflux disease, or diabetic patients. Gastric bypass surgery is a surgical method that can help obese people reduce weight and improve their health. It reduces stomach size and changes the way the stomach and small intestine absorb food, thereby making it easier to lose weight.
Sleeve gastrectomy surgery: People who have undergone many abdominal surgeries or who are taking several medications to treat a mental illness. Approximately 80% of the stomach is removed during a sleeve gastrectomy, creating a long, tube-like pouch. This smaller stomach cannot hold as much food. It also produces less ghrelin, an appetite-regulating hormone, which may reduce the urge to eat.
Duodenal switch: The duodenal switch is a weight-loss surgery designed to treat for persons with extreme obesity. It is a combination of a sleeve gastrectomy and an intestinal bypass. The most difficult but also the most effective bariatric surgery is the duodenal switch. It works very well against Type 2 diabetes.
Why is bariatric surgery done?
Bariatric surgery is used to help extremely overweight people lose excess weight in order to reduce the risk of serious, life-threatening health problems such as:
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
- Type 2 diabetes
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Keep in mind that bariatric surgery is not appropriate for everyone who is obese. Certain medical requirements must be fulfilled. It is usually recommended when other weight loss methods, such as diet and exercise, have failed.
Who needs bariatric surgery?
It is an option for those who are unable to reduce weight with a normal diet or exercise routine. Surgeons also advised those with a BMI of 40 or above to have the procedure. Even those with major weight-related disorders like sleep apnea and excessive blood pressure may be good fits for these operations.
How much does bariatric surgery cost?
The treatment for bariatric surgery is highly costly, ranging from 2.5 to 5 lakhs. The cost is determined by various aspects, including the type of surgery chosen, the surgeon’s fee, the facility chosen, the instruments used, the consultation, anesthesia, and follow-up treatments.
What are the Advantages of Bariatric Surgery?
Each type of weight loss surgery has its own advantages and drawbacks.
Advantages of Bariatric Surgery
- You can expect to lose on average 60-70% of excess body weight
- 96% of obesity-related health problems are reversed quickly or completely resolved
- Long-term remission for type 2 diabetes.
- Improved cardiovascular health.
- Relief of depression.
- Eliminate obstructive sleep apnea.
- Joint pain relief.
- Improve fertility.
- Alleviate other medical conditions such as relieve metabolic syndrome, pregnancy complications, gallbladder disease and more.
What foods cannot be eaten after Bariatric Surgery?
To get the proper amount of nutrition and reduce weight after bariatric surgery, it’s important to avoid specific foods.
- Dry Foods
- Bread, Rice, and Pasta
- High-Fat Food
- Fibrous Fruits and Vegetables
- Tough Meats
- Sugary and Highly Caffeinated Drinks
Your doctor is likely to recommend that you:
- Keep meal portions small
- Eat and drink slowly
- Chew food thoroughly
- Drink liquids between meals
- Take vitamin and mineral supplements
- Focus on high-protein foods
From weight loss to general health advantages, discuss with your doctor whether you’re a fit for bariatric surgery and how you might start living a healthier lifestyle.
Best Bariatric Surgeon in Faridabad:
Dr. B D Pathak is the best bariatric surgeon in Faridabad. He has vast experienced in bariatric surgery and has done many bariatric surgeries on patients from India and abroad. He has a special interest in bariatric surgery.